Kyiv National University of Technologies and Design
ENTERPRISE MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMICS
A scientific management system and economic activity take on enormous
importance in a successful company development. For growth of production
efficiency, the management system is even more essential than implementation of
new technology. A significant experience of science-based management at
enterprises has been accumulated by the most developed countries — the USA and
Japan. Studying that experience is of a huge importance for the present and,
even more, for the future development of Ukraine’s economy, especially at the
Today, a characteristic feature of the economy development appears in
profound changes in all its areas that affect management system. Management
system of an enterprise ought to be viewed as a dynamic process, because its
forms, methods and functions are influenced by various factors: size of the
enterprise, profitability and competitiveness level, etc .
Increasing scale of social manufacturing and deepening social division of labor in all three
forms (General, special and unit) increases the value system of economic
The core of the system of management in economy and purposeful-driven on
the needs, interests and goals of individuals, groups of people, layers and
stratum to achieve this goal. The main objects of this system is the public
production in general, separate spheres, branches of the national economy, the
elements of social reproduction, certain elements of the economic system and
individual enterprises, firms, companies and institutions .
Economic methods of management occupy a central place in the system of
scientific methods of management of labor
activity of people because of their
establishes the target program of economic development of various enterprises
and organizations, also defined such a behavior and incentives, which,
objectively, encourage and interest groups and workers in effective work.
In the management of a modern economy should be guided by the principles
• a clear division of
• observance of discipline and order;
• authority and responsibilities;
• use of motivation highly productive work;
• ensure equal justice for all;
• confidence in the permanence and stability of operation;
• encourage the initiative.
Every enterprise is a complex socio-economic system that combines the
manufacturing process of a variety of material elements, human resources and
information links. All companies have some common characteristics, which
primarily include management functions .
Management functions - is objectively conditioned by the general
directions or spheres of activity, which together provide effective cooperation
Management of enterprises is carried out in two sectors: production and
technical, when the works for the organization, coordination and management of
the production process, and socio-economic when regulate the relations between
the participants of the production process in terms of labor division and
cooperation and the formation of relations between managers and executors.
So, from the above it can be said that the management of the enterprise
reflects the totality of interrelated processes of planning, organization,
motivation and control, ensuring the formation and achieving the company's
objectives. Today in world practice, the use of three management
tools: hierarchy, culture and market. Each of them is dominant in a given
economic system .
1. Enterprise Economics/ Textbook /under the General editorship of
doctor EN. Professor L. G. Melnyk - Sumy: ETC "University book", 2008.-
2. Grinev A. B. Organization and management at the enterprise. -
Kharkiv: Publishing House. "INZHEK", 2008. – 329 p.
3. Volkov O., Denisenko M., Grechan A.P. Economics and
organization of innovative activity/. - K.: TSUL, 2007. – p 240.
4. Source access: http://ru.osvita.ua/vnz/reports/econom_pidpr/18712/